• Overview of Punjabi Grammar


Punjabi (or Panjabi) language is a member of the Indo-Aryan family of languages, also known as Indic languages. Other members of this family are Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati, and Marathi etc. Indo-Aryan languages form a subgroup of the Indo-Iranian group of languages, which in turn belongs to Indo-European family of languages. Punjabi is spoken in India, Pakistan, USA, Canada, England, and other countries with Punjabi immigrants. It is the official language of the state of Punjab in India. Punjabi is written in ‘Gurmukhi’ script in eastern Punjab (India), and in ‘Shahmukhi’ script in western Punjab (Pakistan).

All the examples in this website are in Gurmukhi script along with their transliteration and gloss in Roman script. For inline examples, transliteration will be provided in italics and gloss in single quotes, e.g. ਮੁੰਡਾ muṇḍā ‘boy’. The transliteration provided is based on the Gurmukhi to Roman transliteration software – GTrans, developed in the Department of Computer Science, Punjabi University, Patiala, India.

For more details about the Punjabi language, please refer to this article on Wikipedia - in English, in ਪੰਜਾਬੀ.
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